The extreme, workerless inquilines.

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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Donnerstag 18. Oktober 2018, 23:41

​In 2017 the host ant for Tel. schneideri became Tetr. alpestre Steiner, Schlick-Steiner & Seifert, 2010.

http://antcat.org/documents/4061/23229.pdf
https://www.myrmecologicalnews.org/cms/ ... format=raw
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Samstag 20. Oktober 2018, 23:20

Gösswald, K., 1952, “Zur Biologie und Histologie parasitär degenerierter Ameisenarten mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter (Tribus Tetramorini).” Transactions of the IX-th International Congress of Entomology, Amsterdam, August 17-24 (1951), vol. 1, p. 446-448.

Here you can find a unique look into this fascinating article!

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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Merkur » Sonntag 21. Oktober 2018, 10:51

Vor dem Beitrag Gößwald 1952 muss ich etwas warnen! Es ist ein Kongressbericht, und entsprechend recht knapp formuliert. Bei solchen Kongressen ist die Redezeit begrenzt, und auch in den Kongressberichten wird meist nur eine kurze Zusammenfassung publiziert.
Weitaus informativer ist der von Teleutotje bereits früher genannte ausführliche Artikel:
Gösswald, K., 1953, “Histologische Untersuchungen an der arbeiterlosen Ameise Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter (Hym. Formicidae).” - Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 81-128.
(48 pp, 26 figs. - [1953-06-20])

Er ist online einsehbar: https://www.e-periodica.ch/digbib/view? ... 6::101#102
(Man sieht zunächst nur die Titelseite. Dann im Verzeichnis links davon beim Titel der Arbeit das pdf-Symbol anklicken).

Es sind zahlreiche Zeichnungen enthalten. Man muss allerdings auch bedenken, dass die Deutungen den Wissensstand von vor fast 70 Jahren wiedergeben. Zu dieser Zeit hat man den Sozialparasiten eine "parasitische Degeneration" unterstellt. Entsprechend sind alle Beobachtungen, die sich in dieser Richtung deuten ließen, besonders hervorgehoben. - Interessant ist übrigens auch, dass man (S. 118) in der bereits degenerierten Flugmuskulatur Zysten mit eingerollten Nematoden gefunden hat. Darüber ist mir aus späterer Zeit nichts mehr bekannt geworden (sind diese Nematoden regelmäßig in Teleutomyrmex zu finden, auch in den später entdeckten weiteren Populationen? - Es hat wohl niemand danach gesucht!).

MfG,
Merkur
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Sonntag 21. Oktober 2018, 13:45

Here the direct link: https://www.e-periodica.ch/cntmng?pid=s ... 53:26::101

I know that the first one is a conference paper but it is a charming little introduction to Teleutomyrmex. And still very good.....
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A complete literature list of Teleutomyrmex, final.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Sonntag 21. Oktober 2018, 23:57

An official literature list of Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950.

Baur, A., Buschinger, A., Zimmermann, F. K., 1993, “Molecular cloning and sequencing of 18S rDNA gene fragments from six different ant species.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 40, p. 325-335.

Baur, A., Chalwatzis, N., Buschinger, A., Zimmermann, F. K., 1995, “Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal close relationships between social parasitic ants and their host species.” Current Genetics, vol. 28, p. 242-247.

Baur, A., Sanetra, M., Chalwatzis, N., Buschinger, A., Zimmermann, F. K., 1996, “Sequence comparisons of the internal transcribed spacer region of ribosomal genes support close relationships between parasitic ants and their respective host species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 43, p. 53-67.

Bernard, F., 1967 ["1968"], “Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale.” Paris, Masson, 411 pp.

Blaimer, B. B., Ward, P. S., Schultz, T. R., Fisher, B. L., Brady, S. G., 2018, “Paleotropical Diversification Dominates the Evolution of the Hyperdiverse Ant Tribe Crematogastrini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Insect Systematics and Diversity, vol. 2, no. 5, art. 3, p. 1-14.

Bolton, B., 1976, “The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Constituent genera, review of smaller genera and revision of Triglyphothrix Forel.” Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology), vol. 34, p. 281-379.

Bolton, B., 1994, “Identification guide to the ant genera of the world.” Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 222 pp.

Bolton, B., 1995, “A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Journal of Natural History, vol. 29, p. 1037-1056.

Bolton, B., 1995, “A new general catalogue of the ants of the world.” Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 504 pp.

Bolton, B., 2003, “Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae.” Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, vol. 71, 370pp

Borowiec, L., 2014, “Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Genus (Wroclaw), vol. 25, no. 1-2, p. 1-340.

Brun, R., 1952, “Das zentralnervensystem von Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutt. (Hym. Formicid.). III. Mitteilung.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 73-86.

Brun, R., 1959, “Le cerveau des fourmis et des insectes en général comme instrument de formation des réflexes conditionnés.” P. 11-25 in: International Union of Biological Sciences, Union Internationale des Sciences Biologiques, Experimental Psychology and Animal Behaviour Section, 1959, “Animal psychology seminars: Strasbourg University, October 1956, and Brussels University, August 1957.” London, Pergamon Press, 148 pp.

Buschinger, A., 1970, “Neue Vorstellungen zur Evolution des Sozialparasitismus und der Dulosis bei Ameisen (Hym., Formicidae).” Biologisches Zentralblatt, vol. 88, no. 3, p. 273-299.

Buschinger, A., 1971, “Zur Verbreitung und Lebensweise sozialparasitischer Ameisen des Schweizer Wallis (Hym., Formicidae).” Zoologischer Anzeiger, vol. 186, no. 1/2, p. 47-59.

Buschinger, A., 1985, “New records of rare parasitic ants (Hym., Form.) in the French Alps.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 32, p. 321-324.

Buschinger, A., 1986, “Evolution of social parasitism in ants.” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 1, p. 155-160.

Buschinger, A., 1987, “Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter, 1950 and other parasitic ants found in the Pyrenees (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).” Spixiana, vol. 10, p. 81-83.

Buschinger, A., 1990, “Evolutionary transitions between types of social parasitism in ants, hypotheses and evidence.” P. 145-146 in: Veeresh, G. K., Mallik, B., Viraktamath, C. A. (eds.), 1990, “Social insects and the environment. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress of IUSSI, 1990.” New Delhi, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., xxxi + 765 pp.

Buschinger, A., 1990, “Sympatric speciation and radiative evolution of socially parasitic ants. - Heretic hypotheses and their factual background.” Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, vol. 28, p. 241-260.

Buschinger, A., 1995, “Nicht am Ende: Die “Endameise” Teleutomyrmex schneideri.” Ameisenschutz aktuell, vol. 9, p. 1-7.

Buschinger, A., 1999, “Wiederfund der sozialparasitischen Ameise Teleutomyrmex schneideri in der Schweiz.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, vol. 72, p. 277-279.

Buschinger, A., 2000, “Die “Endameise” Teleutomyrmex schneideri in der Schweiz: Erster Wiederfund nach 50 Jahren.” Ameisenschutz aktuell, vol. 14, p. 43-45.

Buschinger, A., 2009, “Social parasitism among ants: a review (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Myrmecological News, vol. 12, p. 219-235.

Casevitz-Weulersse, J., Galkowski, C., 2009, “Liste actualisée des fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).” Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, vol. 114, no. 4, p. 475-510.

Collingwood, C. A., 1956, “Ant hunting in France.” Entomologist, vol. 89, p. 105-108.

Collingwood, C. A., 1956, “A rare parasitic ant (Hym., Formicidae) in France.” Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, vol. 92, p. 197.

Csősz, S., Radchenko, A., Schulz, A., 2007, “Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Zootaxa 1405, p. 1-38.

Cuesta, D., García, F., García-Tejero, S. & Espadaler, X., 2009, “Resumen charla: Aportaciones a la biología de Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter, 1950: primer caso de cría en cautividad. [Contributions to the biology of Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter, 1950: first case of keeping in captivity.]” [abstract]. Iberomyrmex, vol. 1, p. 24.

Dlussky, G. M., Soyunov, O. S., Zabelin, S. I., 1990 [“1989”], “Muravji Turkmenistana.”, or “Ants of Turkmenistan.” [In Russian.]. Ashkabad, Ylym Press, 275 pp.

Espadaler, X., Cuesta, D., 2006, “Notas / Notes. Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter, 1950 en España (Hymenoptera, Formicidae).” Graellsia, vol. 62, nr. 2, p. 261-262.

Gösswald, K., 1952, “Zur Biologie und Histologie parasitär degenerierter Ameisenarten mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter (Tribus Tetramorini).” Transactions of the IX-th International Congress of Entomology, Amsterdam, August 17-24 (1951), vol. 1, p. 446-448.
- His name is spelled “Göszwald” in this publication!

Gösswald, K., 1953, “Histologische Untersuchungen an der arbeiterlosen Ameise Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter (Hym. Formicidae).” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 81-128.

Hölldobler, B. K., & Wilson, E. O., 1990, “The Ants.” Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, xiv + 732 pp.

Kiran, K., Karaman, C., Lapeva-Gjonova, A. & Aksoy, V., 2017, “Two new species of the “ultimate“ parasitic ant genus Teleutomyrmex Kutter, 1950 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Western Palaearctic.“ Myrmecological News, vol. 25, p. 145-155.

Kusnezov, N., 1954, “Phyletische Bedeutung der Maxillar- und Labialtaster der Ameisen.” Zoologischer Anzeiger, vol. 153, no. 1/2, p. 28-38.

Kutter, H., 1950, “Über eine neue, extrem parasitische Ameise. 1. Mitteilung.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 23, no. 2, p. 81-94.

Kutter, H., 1950, “Über zwei neue Ameisen.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 23, no. 3, p. 337-346.

Kutter, H., 1950, “Über Doronomyrmex und verwandte Ameisen. 2. Mitteilung.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 23, no. 3, p. 347-353.

Kutter, H., 1951, “Von dufttäuschenden Mörderinnen und berittener Königin.” Du: kulturelle Monatsschrift, vol. 11, no. 4, 44-47.

Kutter, H., 1952, “Über Plagiolepis xene Stärcke (Hym. Formicid.).” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 57-72.

Kutter, H., 1963, “Miscellanea myrmecologica I.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 36, no. 1 and 2, p. 129-137.

Kutter, H., 1968 ("1967"), “Liste sozialparasitischer Ameisen.” Archives. Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg (n.s.), vol. 33, p. 201-210.

Kutter, H., 1968 (“1969”), “Die sozialparasitischen Ameisen der Schweiz.” Neujahrsblatt herausgegeben von der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich auf das Jahr 1969, vol. 171, (Ausgegeben am 31. Dezember 1968), p. 1-62.

Kutter, H., 1977, “Hymenoptera, Formicidae.” Insecta Helvetica. Fauna, vol. 6, p. 1-298.

Kutter, H., 1978, “Hymenoptera, Formicidae.” Insecta Helvetica. Fauna, vol. 6a, unpaginated, illustr.

López, J. R., Martínez, A. B., 2011, “Notas Científicas: Nueva cita de Teleutomyrmex kutteri Tinaut, 1990 (Hym., Formicidae) para la Península Ibérica. New record of Teleutomyrmex kutteri Tinaut, 1990 (Hym., Formicidae) from the Iberian Peninsula.” Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.), nº. 49, p. 206.

Meyer, G., 1951, “Histologische Untersuchungen an einer arbeiterlosen Ameise Anergates atratulus Schenck.” Inaugural-Dissertation, Institut für Angewandte Zoologie, Würzburg.

Meyer, G. F., 1955, “Untersuchungen an einer parasitischen Ameise (Anergates atratulus Schenck).” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 163-171.

Sanetra, M., Buschinger, A., 2000, “Phylogenetic relationships among social parasites and their hosts in the ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” European Journal of Entomology, vol. 97, no. 1, p. 95-117.

Sanetra, M., Felger, S., Buschinger, A., Zimmermann, F. K., 1998, “On the evolutionary history of social parasites in the ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” P. 413 in: Schwarz, M. P., Hogendoorn, K. (eds.), 1998, “Social insects at the turn of the millennium. Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of IUSSI. Adelaide, Australia. 29 December 1998 - 3 January 1999.” Adelaide, XIII Congress of IUSSI, 535 pp.

Sanetra, M., Heinze, J., Buschinger, A., 1994, “Enzyme polymorphism in the ant genus Tetramorium Mayr and its social parasites (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol. 22, p. 753-759.

Schönitzer, K., Lawitzky, G., 1987, “A phylogenetic study of the antenna cleaner in Formicidae, Mutillidae, and Tiphiidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera).” Zoomorphology (Berlin), vol 107, no. 5, p. 273-285.

Seifert, B., Buschinger, A., Aldawood, A., Antonova, V., Bharti, H., Borowiec, L., Dekoninck, W., Dubovikoff, D., Espadaler, X., Flegr, J. , Georgiadis, C., Heinze, J., Neumeyer, R., Ødegaard, F., Oettler, J., Radchenko, A., Schultz, R., Sharaf, M., Trager, J., Vesnić, A., Wiezik, M., Zettel, H., 2016, “Banning paraphylies and executing Linnaean taxonomy is discordant and reduces the evolutionary and semantic information content of biological nomenclature.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 63, no. 2, p. 237-242.

Stumper, R., 1951, “Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter (Hym. Formicid.). II. Mitteilung. Über die Lebensweise der neuen Schmarotzerameise.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 129-152.

Stumper, R., 1956, “Etudes myrmécologiques LXXVII. Les sécrétions attractives des reines de fourmis.” Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft, vol. 29, no. 4, p.373-380.

Stumper, R., Kutter, H., 1950, “Sur le stade ultime du parasitisme social chez les fourmis, atteint par Teleutomyrmex Schneideri (subtrib. nov.; gen. nov.; spec. nov. Kutter).” Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires) des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences, vol. 231, p. 876-878.

Tinaut, A., 1981, “Estudio de los Formícidos de Sierra Nevada.” Tesis Doctoral, Universidad de Granada, 463 pp.

Tinaut, A., 1990, “Teleutomyrmex kutteri, spec. nov. A new species from Sierra Nevada (Granada, Spain).” Spixiana, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 201-208.

Tinaut, A., Ruano, F., Martínez, M. D., 2005, “Biology, Distribution and Taxonomic Status of the Parasitic Ants of the Iberian Peninsula (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Myrmicinae).” Sociobiology, vol. 46, no. 3, p. 449-489.

Wagner, H. C., Arthofer, W., Seifert, B., Muster, C., Steiner, F. M., Schlick-Steiner, B. C., 2017, “Light at the end of the tunnel: Integrative taxonomy delimits cryptic species in the Tetramorium caespitum complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Myrmecological News, vol. 25, p. 95–129.

Ward, P. S., Brady, S. G., Fisher, B. L., Schultz, T. R., 2015 (“2014”), “The evolution of myrmicine ants: Phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Systematic Entomology, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 61-81. (Article first published online: 23 July 2014).

Ward, P. S., Brady, S. G., Fisher, B. L., Schultz, T. R., 2016, “Phylogenetic classifications are informative, stable, and pragmatic: the case for monophyletic taxa.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 63, no. 4, p. 489-492.

Wegnez, P., Ignace, D., Lommelen, E., Hardy, M., Bogaert, J., Nilsson, C., 2015, “Redécouverte de Teleutomyrmex schneideri Kutter, 1950 dans les Alpes françaises (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Bulletin de la Société royale belge d’Entomologie/Bulletin van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Entomologie, vol. 151, p. 52-57.

Wilson, E. O., 1963, “Social modifications related to rareness in ant species.” Evolution, vol. 17, p. 249-253.

Wilson, E. O., 1971, “The insect societies.” Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, x + 548 pp.

Wilson, E. O., 1984, “Tropical social parasites in the ant genus Pheidole, with an analysis of the anatomical parasitic syndrome (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 31, no. 3, p. 316-334.

67 references.
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Samstag 24. November 2018, 00:39

​Two reactions on Ward et al. 2015 ("2014"):

Seifert, B., Buschinger, A., Aldawood, A., Antonova, V., Bharti, H., Borowiec, L., Dekoninck, W., Dubovikoff, D., Espadaler, X., Flegr, J. , Georgiadis, C., Heinze, J., Neumeyer, R., Ødegaard, F., Oettler, J., Radchenko, A., Schultz, R., Sharaf, M., Trager, J., Vesnić, A., Wiezik, M., Zettel, H., 2016, “Banning paraphylies and executing Linnaean taxonomy is discordant and reduces the evolutionary and semantic information content of biological nomenclature.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 63, no. 2, p. 237-242.

Ward, P. S., Brady, S. G., Fisher, B. L., Schultz, T. R., 2016, “Phylogenetic classifications are informative, stable, and pragmatic: the case for monophyletic taxa.” Insectes Sociaux, vol. 63, no. 4, p. 489-492.
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Mittwoch 5. Dezember 2018, 00:05

Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

Tetramorium [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
- Tetramorium Mayr, 1855: 423. Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879: 1016.

Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918b.

microgyna. Tetramorium microgyna Santschi, 1918b: 132 (q., not w.) South Afrika.
- See also: Arnold, 1926: 253; Santschi, 1928f: 207; Bolton, 1980: 329.

Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980.

parasiticum. Tetramorium parasiticum Bolton, 1980: 281, figs. 65, 66 (q.) South Africa.

Pheidole Westwood, 1839.

Pheidole [Myrmicinae: Pheidolini].
- Pheidole Westwood, 1839: 219. Type-species: Atta providens, by monotypy.

Anergatides [junior synonym of Pheidole].
- Anergatides Wasmann, 1915b: 281. Type-species: Anergatides kohli (junior secondary homonym in Pheidole, replaced by Pheidole neokohli), by monotypy.
- Anergatides junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 328.

Bruchomyrma [junior synonym of Pheidole].
- Bruchomyrma Santschi, 1922d: 248. Type-species: Bruchomyrma acutidens, by monotypy.
- Bruchomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 327.
- [Bruchomyrma listed as genus: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (anachronism)].
- Bruchomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Bolton, 1994: 106; Wilson, 2003: 6.

Gallardomyrma [junior synonym of Pheidole].
- Gallardomyrma Bruch, 1932: 271. Type-species: Gallardomyrma argentina, by original designation.
- Gallardomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Wilson, 1984: 327.
- [Gallardomyrma listed as genus: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (anachronism)].
- Gallardomyrma junior synonym of Pheidole: Bolton, 1994: 106; Wilson, 2003: 6.

Eriopheidole [junior synonym of Pheidole].
- Eriopheidole Kusnezov, 1952a: 10. Type-species: Eriopheidole symbiotica (junior secondary homonym in Pheidole, replaced by Pheidole kusnezovi), by monotypy.
- Eriopheidole junior synonym of Pheidole: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1366; Bolton, 1994: 106.

Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984 (= Anergatides kohli Wasman, 1915)
(not Pheidole kohli Mayr, 1901).

kohli. Anergatides kohli Wasmann, 1915b: 283, pls. 7, 8 (q.m.) Democratic Republic Of Congo.
[Junior secondary homonym of kohli Mayr, 1901b; 11 (footnote).] Replacement name: Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984: 328. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1955c: 130 (l.).

neokohli. Pheidole neokohli Wilson, 1984: 328. Replacement name for Anergatides kohli Wasmann, 1915b: 283. [Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole kohli Mayr, 1901b: 11 (footnote).]

Pheidole acutidens (Santschi, 1922) (= Bruchomyrma acutidens Santschi, 1922).

acutidens. Bruchomyrma acutidens Santschi, 1922d: 249, figs. A-D (q.) Argentina. Bruch, 1931: 31 (m.). Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 327. See also: Wheeler, W.M. 1937c: 52; Wilson, 2003: 260.

Pheidole argentina (Bruch, 1932) (= Gallardomyrma argentina Bruch, 1932).

argentina. Gallardomyrma argentina Bruch, 1932: 273, figs. 1-8 (q.) Argentina. Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 327. See also: Wilson, 2003: 267.

Pheidole parasitica Wilson, 1984.

parasitica. Pheidole parasitica Wilson, 1984: 321, fig. 3 (q.) India.

Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003 (= Pheidole symbiotica (Kusnezov, 1952))
(= Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952)
(not Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909).

symbiotica. Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952a: 16, figs. 1-9 (q.m.) Argentina.
[Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909: 693 (footnoye).] Combination in Pheidole: Wilson, 1984: 328. Replacement name: Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003: 311.

kusnezovi. Pheidole kusnezovi Wilson, 2003: 311. Replacement name for Eriopheidole symbiotica Kusnezov, 1952a: 16. [Junior secondary homonym of Pheidole symbiotica Wasmann, 1909: 693 (footnote).]

Nylanderia Emery, 1906.
(before 2010: Paratrechina Motschoulsky, 1863).

Nylandrria [Formicinae: Plagiolepidini].
- Nylanderia Emery, 1906b: 133 [as subgenus of Prenolepis]. Type-species: Formica vividula, by original designation.
- Nylanderia subgenus of Paratrechina: Emery, 1925b: 217; Creighton, 1950a: 405; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1443.
- Nylanderia raised to genus: Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 210; Kempf, 1972a: 166.
- Nylanderia junior synonym of Paratrechina: Trager, 1984b: 51.
- Nylanderia revived from synonymy, status as genus: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.
- Nylanderia senior synonym of Andragnathus: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.

Andragnathus [junior synonym of Nylanderia].
- Andragnathus Emery, 1922d: 111. Type-species: Andragnathus hubrechti, by monotypy.
- Andragnathus junior synonym of Paratrechina: Agosti & Bolton, 1990a: 75.
- Andragnathus junior synonym of Nylanderia: LaPolla, Brady & Shattuck, 2010a: 126.

Paratrechina [Formicinae: Plagiolepidini].
- Paratrechina Motschoulsky, 1863: 13. Type-species: Paratrechina currens (junior synonym of Formica longicornis), by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 170.
- Paratrechina junior synonym of Prenolepis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 177; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 940.
- Paratrechina revived from synonymy: Emery, 1925b: 216.
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Teleutotje
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Donnerstag 6. Dezember 2018, 00:52

Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853d.

Strongylognathus [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
- Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853d: 389. Type-species: Eciton testaceum, by monotypy. Replacement name for Myrmus Schenck, 1853: 188. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].

Myrmus [junior homonym, see Strongylognathus].
- Myrmus Schenck, 1853: 188. Type-species: Myrmus emarginatus (junior synonym of Eciton testaceum), by monotypy. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].
- Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853d: 389, replacement name for Myrmus Schenck.

Myrmus Schenck, 1853.

Myrmus [junior homonym, see Strongylognathus].
- Myrmus Schenck, 1853: 188. Type-species: Myrmus emarginatus (junior synonym of Eciton testaceum), by monotypy. [Junior homonym of Myrmus Hahn, 1832: 81 (Hemiptera).].
- Strongylognathus Mayr, 1853d: 389, replacement name for Myrmus Schenck.

Some know why I putted this one here..............
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Re: The extreme, workerless inquilines.

Beitragvon Teleutotje » Freitag 7. Dezember 2018, 00:16

Now, let me explain. It was shown by Ward et al. 2015 ("2014") that Teleutomyrmex and Anergates should be synonymized under Tetramorium but, surprisingly, they kept Strongylognathus out of it. It should be a synonym of Tetramorium but the name should not be Strongylognathus but Tetramorium ("better name'). But if you do it, do it good and synonymize it like it should... so: Strongylognathus.

Tetramorium Mayr, 1855.

Tetramorium [Myrmicinae: Tetramoriini].
- Tetramorium Mayr, 1855: 423. Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879: 1016.
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